Yale Prof. Lee's Scientific Writing Lecture

早上去听了Yale Professor Xuhui Lee关于科技论文写作的讲座,特将要点摘录如下:

Title:Scientific Writing

  • 相比较之下,从Cambridge和Oxford过来的学生写作能力是最强的(肯定嘛!)
  • Publication是整个研究过程中最重要的部分,因为只有通过发表文章,你的成果才能得到学术界的认可。
  • Friedland’s ideas about ideas:research is not about ownership, but about sharing(ideas), don’t let fears of having your ideas taken without credit diminish your relationships with collaborators and colledges.
  • Effective writing skills
    • choose a concise and informative title
    • funnel from a big picture to the specifies of your project
    • unify the voice and central goal; map literature review objectives, and objectives to conclusions.
    • highlight your most important points; do not bury critical information, writing for information not impressing.
    • focus the reader’s attention with road map and topic sentences; avoid information that dilutes your messages.
    • give credit where credit is due.
    • rewrite if conclusion are weak.
    • respond constructively to review comments
    • never plagiarized in any form or shape.
  • 向大的科学/社会问题上靠
  • 几个问题
    • big picture is too big
    • leap to faith
    • intermediate links missing
    • typographic errors
    • cute font/format
    • font and graphic too small
    • too many significant digits
    • crowed figures
    • fancy color combination, symbal change
    • sloppy symbol notations
    • too many symbols and abbreviations
    • sophiscated adjectives
    • figures of speech
  • 几点格式
    • abbreviations in upright roman(IPCC, LAI, NDVI etc.)
    • units in upright roman
    • math symbols in italic
  • Para-graphic are building blocks of technical writing
    • one idea per one paragraph, no more, no less
    • topic sentence
    • conclusions sentences: a hypothesis in disguise, a logical deduction, or an inference.
  • 关于引用Citation
    • cite only papers that you have actually read
    • all citations should be accurate
    • avoid to many reference or references
    • repeated citations to one or two individuals
    • repeated citations to your own work or your mentor’s work
    • inaccurate citations/sloppiness
    • citations to non peer-reviewed literature(“grey literature”)
    • citation to journals in Chinese
    • biased citation to one school of thought
    • few or no citation to people who may review your work
    • proper attributions of credit
    • use of tense: when you state previously published findings, you should use the present tense, your own work use past tense.
  • Weak conclusions
  • how to respond to review comments
    • answer completely
    • answer politely
  • 用自己的语言表达引用的内容,英文文章对抄袭的判定标准非常严格,惩罚也非常苛刻。
  • 两个有用的资源:
    1. Yale Writing Center
    2. Day
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